Women can go through menopause between the ages of 40 and 55. It is a normal stage of life when a woman stops menstruation and becomes infertile. Is it possible to become pregnant after menopause? Yes, the answer is yes. However, it is critical to understand the stages and how they affect your fertility. Call and book your appointment with the best IVF centre near me at World IVF Centre.
Menopause does not occur suddenly. Perimenopause and postmenopause are the two stages. Both stages can last months or years. You become less fertile during perimenopause, but you can still become pregnant. You can no longer get pregnant naturally after menopause, but you can get IVF treatment . The term “menopause” is frequently used to describe the period of time following the onset of your initial symptoms, but there is more to it than that. Menopause does not occur overnight.
You produce oestrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) during your reproductive years (FSH). LH, FSH, and oestrogen work together in the middle of your monthly cycle to stimulate your ovaries to release a mature egg during ovulation.
Ovulation cannot take place unless your hormone levels are within the normal range. If the egg is fertilised, LH increases progesterone production to keep the pregnancy going.
Perimenopause is a period of transition which is referred to as the “change of life.” Your ovaries are producing less oestrogen and progesterone, as your ovaries become less receptive to LH and FSH, their levels begin to rise.
You may begin to notice symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats as your hormone levels vary. Your menstrual cycle becomes more erratic in duration and frequency. Some months, your ovaries may produce an egg, while the others do not.
You can still conceive despite your diminishing fertility. If you do not want to become pregnant, you must utilise birth control throughout perimenopause. This stage can endure for many years.
During perimenopause, your periods may appear to have ended, only to resume. This might happen several times, leading you to believe you’ve entered menopause when you haven’t.
You’ve achieved menopause if it’s been a year since your last menstruation. Most women reach this age between the ages of 40 and 55, with an average of 51.
When you reach menopause, your LH and FSH levels stay elevated while your oestrogen and progesterone levels fall. You no longer ovulate and become unable to conceive.
Once you’ve reached menopause, your hormone levels will never be in the appropriate range for ovulation and pregnancy again. Birth control is no longer required.
Perimenopause lasts between three and five years before menopause. At this point, a woman’s oestrogen levels plummet, limiting her chances of becoming pregnant.
Symptoms might appear. The most visible changes are those in your menstrual cycle. You may have your period every 2 to 3 weeks or not at all for months at a time. However, menopause is only confirmed after you have not had a monthly cycle for a year.
Other symptoms include vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats, sleep issues, anxiety and sadness, mood changes, and a lack of focus.
Even if you are in your perimenopause phase, if a viable egg is released and fertilised, you can become pregnant. Tracking your ovulation in the perimenopausal stage is vital whether you want to get pregnant or not.
Ovulation symptoms include breast soreness, white vaginal discharge, and the usage of ovulation test strips. Depending on your goals, you can then either prevent or boost your chances of becoming pregnant.
A woman may seek to become pregnant during perimenopause for a variety of reasons. She either had problems conceiving earlier in her life or as a result of her lifestyle choices or circumstances. Reasons may include job priorities or financial difficulties. Or she was simply not ready to be a mom.
During perimenopause, you can increase your fertility. You can eat a healthful, well-balanced diet. You can also enhance your chances of conception by exercising. You can also choose IVF therapy.
Hormonal alterations become irreversible after menopause. Ovulation no longer occurs, and you are no longer able to conceive naturally.
At this point, any leftover eggs are no longer viable. This is when IVF comes into play. If a woman wants to get pregnant after menopause, it is better if she freezes her eggs beforehand using egg cryopreservation. The frozen eggs can then be used for IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation). Another option is IVF by egg donation, which can be done with fresh or frozen donor eggs.
A woman will also require hormone therapy during postmenopause. This is done to prepare the body for implantation and to ensure that the baby is carried to term.
Health concerns associated with later-life pregnancies
Pregnancy health hazards rise with age. When compared to younger women, the risks of various problems increase beyond the age of 35. These are some examples:
- Multiple pregnancies are common, especially if you use IVF. Multiple pregnancies can lead to premature birth, low birth weight, and difficult labour.
- Gestational diabetes, which can harm both the mother and the child’s health.
- High blood pressure necessitates regular monitoring and, in certain cases, medication to avoid consequences.
- Previa of the placenta, which may necessitate bed rest, medication, or surgical delivery.
- Stillbirth or miscarriage
- Cesarean section.
- Premature or underweight birth.
The older you are, the more probable you have a prior medical condition that could affect pregnancy and delivery.
Treatments After menopause, you may be able to conceive.
IVF offers hope to women who wish to have a kid even if they are already in menopause. Some therapies are listed below:
Donation of Eggs
Donor eggs can be used to create a pregnancy (egg donation treatment). Because the donor is younger and healthier, he or she will have more viable eggs. In a laboratory setting, the eggs are fertilised with your partner’s sperm. Doctors will then determine whether your body is capable of carrying the baby to term or not. In addition, you will be stimulated in order to prepare for implantation.
Donation of Embryos
You obtain eggs from a healthy donor during an embryo donation process. The eggs are fertilised in a secure and sophisticated lab environment using sperm from a sperm bank. The embryo is then transferred into the uterus by the IVF specialist doctor. This gives hope to couples who are both struggling with infertility.
Reversal of Menopause
Specialists are studying the possibility of reversing menopause. Although it is not currently available as a treatment, preliminary results have been promising. Some evidence suggests that it is possible to “rejuvenate” latent ovaries in order to trigger egg release for fertilisation. Although research and evidence on this subject are still limited, clinical trials have already begun. Schedule your appointment with the World IVF centre.