If you’re having trouble getting pregnant, keep track of your menstrual cycle. It may function as a biological weather vane, indicating any hormonal imbalances. The world infertility and IVF center Lajpat Nagar helps you to cure your hormone imbalance problem in infertility treatment. As frustrating and painful as cramping and bloating can be in the days leading up to a regular period, it’s usually a positive sign if you’re expecting a baby. It indicates that you’re ovulating normally and that a complex cycle of hormones mainly progesterone at this point in the cycle is preparing your body for a possible pregnancy.
However, this hormonal activity does not always go according to plan. A lack of ovulation, which is mostly triggered by hormonal imbalances of one sort or another, is at the root of around 30% of infertility cases. The good news is that most hormonal issues can be treated and compensated. However, we must first detect it. Here are some common hormones that can interfere with your fertility, as well as how your menstrual cycle can bring them to light.
Thyroid hormone deficiency — or excess —
This is a very normal occurrence. Thyroid problems affect a large number of people. Too much thyroid in our bodies can cause an increase in metabolism, which can cause symptoms such as anxiety, weight loss, and hot flashes. We can get dry skin, gain weight, and feel tired if we don’t get enough. Heavy and irregular menstrual periods or even the lack of menstruation may be caused by either too little or too much estrogen. It interferes with ovulation and is the cause of infertility in around 10% to 15% of women who visit fertility clinics. Thyroid hormone replacement is often effective in assisting these women to get pregnant. Get an appointment for infertility treatment at the world infertility and IVF center Lajpat Nagar.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, luteinizing hormone
Ovulation is triggered by a surge of luteinizing hormone, which causes the egg to be released from the ovaries. And this is the hormone that ovulation tests from the drugstore measure. The tests may be a helpful method for women who are ovulating normally and are trying to find out when to have their period. However, several women have chronically elevated levels of luteinizing hormones and do not ovulate. Even though no ovulation has occurred, the tests would either deliver consistent negative results (for those that measure the surge) or a positive reading over days (for those that have levels of hormone above a threshold).
This is the case with polycystic ovarian syndrome, a common disorder that affects about 5% to 7% of women of childbearing age, and the prevalence is even higher in some ethnic groups. This is a hormonal imbalance in which the ovaries contain more androgens (male hormones) than they should, and it’s related to high luteinizing hormone levels. In addition to hair loss and unusual hair growth, oily skin, acne, and weight gain, women with this disorder also have infrequent or absent menstrual cycles. Book your appointment for infertility treatment at the world infertility and IVF center Lajpat Nagar.
ROOT CAUSES OF IRREGULAR PERIODS
If your menstrual cycle is shorter or longer than normal, your cycles are considered irregular. This means that the time between the start of your previous period and the start of your next period is either less than 24 days or more than 38 days. If your cycle duration varies by more than 20 days from month to month, your cycles can be irregular. Your cycle could jump from a regular 25-day cycle to a 46-day cycle the following month, then back to a 25-day cycle the following month.
Irregular cycles are common for adolescent girls and perimenopausal women. For the first few years, adolescent girls’ periods may be sporadic before becoming more normal. Menstrual cycles may become more frequent overtime during the transition to menopause, known as perimenopause. Get treatment for irregular periods from the IVF center in Lajpat Nagar.
Eating disorders -irregular menstrual cycle may be a sign of an eating disorder, most often anorexia nervosa. However, any eating disorder, such as bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder, can result in irregular periods.
Problems with thyroids– Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, causes the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone than your body requires. Hyperthyroidism may also cause fewer menstrual cycles than usual.
High levels of prolactin in the blood-This disorder are called hyperprolactinemia. Prolactin is a hormone that allows breasts to develop during puberty and makes breast milk after birth. It helps to maintain and regulate the menstrual cycle.
Certain medications, such as those for epilepsy or anxiety
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)-a disorder that typically triggers multiple ovarian cysts, hormonal imbalances, and irregular periods. Approximately 1 in 10 women with irregular menstrual cycles has PCOS.
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)-It occurs once the ovaries stop functioning before age 40. It could happen as early as the teenage years. POI is not the same as prematurity menopause. Unlike women who experience premature menopause, women with POI may still have periods, but they are most frequently intermittent. Women with POI might also still get pregnant.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)—Irregular intervals can be a symptom of PID, a reproductive organ infection. This condition is caused by a sexually transmitted infection.
Stress – Studies show that high levels of chronic (long-term) stress can contribute to irregular periods.
Uncontrolled diabetes—Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to irregular periods, but having diabetes under control can help to make the periods more normal.
Obesity-The extra fat and obesity makes the hormone estrogen. Extra estrogen affects the usual menstrual cycle and can cause missing, abnormal, or heavy periods.
The root cause for irregular periods is treated by our doctors in the World IVF center in Lajpat Nagar.
RECENT ADVANCES INFERTILITY TREATMENT
In India, couples are gradually opting for late parenthood. Women generally started having children much later due to lifestyle reasons (increased marital age, more working women) and clinical factors (Poly-cystic Ovarian Syndrome, endometrial tuberculosis). Simultaneously, there is an increase in the prevalence of male infertility – attributed to 30-40 percent of infertility among infertile couples in India. However, scientists are increasingly developing new medical advances that enable older women, regardless of their age, to give birth to their biological children. Get your advanced infertility treatment.
In-Vitro Maturation (IVM): IVM is the mechanism by which eggs are collected from the ovaries while still immature and matured in the laboratory before being fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The embryos that result are transferred to the womb. Compared to In-vitro Fertilization (IVF), IVM is cheaper, has a shorter treatment regimen, and reduces the risk of patients developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).
Karyomapping: This is a modern preimplantation genetic test that helps couples to scan embryos before they undergo fertility treatment. By using DNA fingerprinting, it prevents the spread of diseases such as cystic fibrosis, Huntington’s disease, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and two genes that raise the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
Egg and Ovarian Tissue Freezing: Eggs or ovarian tissue are collected and preserved in such a way that women may have children at a later date. This is helpful for women at risk for early menopause who have cancer (as chemotherapy and radiation therapy can affect fertility) or who have a genetic disorder.
The future of fertility treatment is bright in World IVF hospital. Dramatic advances in medical care would make it possible for someone who longs for a baby to realize their dreams.
PREIMPLANTATION GENETIC SCREENING (PGS) IN INFERTILITY
PGS requires assessing the chromosomal formation of embryos following IVF or ICSI for common anomalies before they are transferred to the uterus. Chromosomal defects are a significant cause of embryo failure and miscarriage. Normally stable human embryos have 23 pairs of chromosomes. In cases of chromosomal defects, there may be more or fewer chromosomes than average. PGS allows the identification of mutations that may be present in the genes. Find the best IVF doctor in Delhi for infertility treatment.
PGS is recommended for couples with more than 35 years of age as they are at higher risk of having a baby with chromosomal defects, in cases with a history of chromosomal disorders or recurrent miscarriage, or where a couple has experienced multiple unsuccessful IVF cycles.
Steps involved in PGS
- In IVF/ICSI treatment to collect the fertilize eggs
- The embryo grows in the lab for 5 days or until a blastocyst is formed
- A embryologist removes few cells from the blastocyst stage of embryos
- The doctor examines these cells for checking the chromosome to see how many embryos are normal.
- The healthy embryo is shifted or transferred to the patient womb and is then allowed to develop
In addition, cells/blastomeres may also be removed from day 2/day 3 embryos; however, PGS with blastocyst stage leads to more reliable results. There are some threats associated with the use of PGS; Embryos are very fragile due to the fact that the cell removal procedure may destroy the embryos; there may be no normal embryos leading to no embryos available for transfer; the embryo screening process has an accuracy of approximately 95-96 percent so that there is still a slight chance of miscarriage after PGS.
At the same time, PGS has a lot of advantages. Implantation of most viable embryos can help increase implantation rates, minimize spontaneous abortion and enable single embryo transfer, thereby reducing the risk of multiple pregnancies. Book your appointment with a World IVF doctors.